Windermere: birthplace of British naval and civil marine aeroplanes
Captain Thomas Cooper Pattinson DFC (1890-1971)

Cooper Pattinson, from Windermere, joined the Royal Naval Air Service and served as a flying boat pilot. He was based at various stations but mainly Killingholme, Lincolnshire where he was commanding officer. He flew no fewer than 38 types of machine.

On 10 May 1918, he was first pilot of an S.E. Saunders Ltd F.2A Felixstowe flying boat 4291 'Black Bess' which shot down a Zeppelin over Heligoland Bight. For this act, he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, being amongst the first list of recipients following its institution. On turning for home, he discovered that one of the aircraft's oil pipes had been shot through. He alighted in a full gale, something previously believed to be impossible with such an aircraft, and the pipe was repaired under the guns of destroyers approaching at high speed. He only just reached Killingholme by using his own newly-developed method of flying at 10 feet above the sea.

On 16 May 1918, Pattinson made a flight lasting 9 hours 45 minutes, the longest flight during World War 1 at that time.

In the mid-1950s, to commemorate his great achievements, he was presented with a model of the flying boat by Saunders-Roe Ltd.

Pattinson invented the spotlight altimeter in 1918, wrongly attributed to Wing Commander Guy Gibson in the Dam Busters film. The system was to set 2 wing tip lights at such an angle that the beams were brought together at a known height above the water. The original plan and a light have survived.

His name was put forward for the first attempt at an Atlantic air crossing, but withdrawn at the insistence of his father-in-law since he had already been exposed to so much danger.

Pattinson agreed to develop a glider on learning from Francis Short of Short Brothers of their difficulties in constructing a small military glider to take off and land on water where the terrain would make use of a conventional glider impossible. With his intimate knowledge of seaplanes, Pattinson set to work to modify a Slingsby Falcon 1 glider. He designed a 'stepped' hull. The family building company carried out the work to the hull and wingtip floats, before transporting the glider to Short's Sunderland flying boat factory at Calgarth. Earlier disasters experienced by Shorts caused Pattinson to insist that he should undertake the hazardous test flight. On 3 February 1943, the glider sped across the lake behind a speedboat. Disaster was narrowly averted when the drag of the tow cable trailing in the water threatened to nosedive the glider, however the cable was released and it soared serenely, successfully landing on the lake. Also, Captain Wavell Wakefield made a number of flights in the glider, commencing on 7 February. Despite the success of the prototype, the opportunity never presented itself for another water glider to be built. In 1973, on the 30th anniversary, the Post Office issued a special postmark cover. The fuselage has survived, and a 2 feet wingspan model has been made.